Divine Revelation

A blog with an Islamic perspective

What Islam Really Says about Killing the Innocent

Taken from Introduction to The Book of Jihad and Expedition, by Abdul Hamid Siddiqui. Read the entire text.

Even in a declared war, certain rules must be followed:
The Holy Prophet (may peace be upon him) has given clear instructions about the behaviour of the Muslim army. He observed:
"Set out for Jihad in the name of Allah and for the sake of Allah. Do not lay hands on the old verging on death, on women, children and babes. Do not steal anything from the booty and collect together all that falls to your lot in the battlefield and do good, for Allah loves the virtuous and the pious."
So great is the respect for humanly feelings in Islam that even the wanton destruction of enemy's crops or property is strictly forbidden. The righteous Caliphs followed closely the teachings of Allah and those of His Apostle in letter and spirit the celebrated address which the first Caliph Abu Bakr (Allah be pleased with him) gave to his army while sending her on the expedition to the Syrian borders is permeated with the noble spirit with which the war in Islam is permitted.
He said: "Stop, O people, that I may give you ten rules for your guidance in the battlefield. Do not commit treachery or deviate from the right path. You must not mutilate dead bodies. Neither kill a child, nor a woman. nor an aged man. Bring no harm to the trees, nor burn them with fire, especially those which are fruitful. Slay not any of the enemy's flock. save for your food. You are likely to pass by people who have devoted their lives to monastic services; leave them alone"

It is said that once at the time of conquest, a singing girl was brought to al-Muhajir b. Abu Umayya who had been publicly singing satirical poems about Hadrat Abu Bakr. Muhajir got her hand amputated. When the Caliph heard this news, he was shocked and wrote a letter to Muhajir in the following words:

"I have learnt that you laid hands on a woman who had hurled abuses on me, and, therefore, got her hand amputated. God has not sought vengeance even in the case of polytheism, which is a great crime. He has not permitted mutilation even with regard to manifest infidelity. Try to be considerate and sympathetic in your attitude towards others in future. Never mutilate, because it is a grave offence. God purified Islam and the Muslims from rashness and excessive wrath. You are well aware of the fact that those enemies fell into the hands of the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) who had been recklessly abusing him; who had turned him out of his home; and who fought against him, but he never permitted their mutilation."

Another letter written by hadrat 'Umar the Second Caliph, which is addressed to Sa'd b. Abu Waqqas, speaks eloquently of the noble spirit with which the Muslims have bear exhorted to take up arms:

"Always search your minds and hearts and stress upon your men the need of perfect integrity and sincerity in the cause of Allah. There should be no material end before them in laying down their lives. but they abould deem it a means whereby they can please their Lord and entitle them. selves to His favour: such a spirit of selflessness should be inculcated in the minds of those who unfortunately lack it. Be firm in the thick of the battle as Allah helps man according to the perseverance that he shows in the cause of His faith and he would be rewarded in accordance with the spirit of sacrifice which he displays for the sake of the Lord. Be careful that those who have been entrusted to your care receive no harm at your hands and are never deprived of any of their legitimate rights."

A Special Note:
Book 019, Number 4319 Sahih Muslim:
It is narrated on the authority of 'Abdullah that a woman was found killed in one of the battles fought by the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him). He disapproved of the killing of women and children.

Book 019, Number 4320:
It is narrated by Ibn 'Umar that a woman was found killed in one of these battles; so the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) forbade the killing of women and children


sage Wednesday, September 27, 2006 2:30:18 AM
the world knows and sees what you people are upto. do not preach as we all know and see. iraq where you are killing your own people, dafur in sudan too the same story. all in gods name!!!!.

ruzan_shah Wednesday, September 27, 2006 2:40:22 AM
Jazakallah ArshadSplendidexcellantYou have done a great job brother.To sageMy friend you said the world knows this & that ButYou dont know that we are also part of the same world Infact we are the second largest majority of this world.We are more in numbers than u guysand we have all right to preach our religion and we dont need no advise from idiots like u so u better keep quiet.You guys crying for Iraq & Sudan but you never condemn killing of innocent muslims by your fellow Hindus.Infact you are supporting & praising criminals as heroes.Now tell me do you have any moral say to question muslims ?NoThan why dont you mind your own freakin business.

Shahul Wednesday, September 27, 2006 4:43:08 AM
Hi Ruzan_shah... Please donot talk about hindu killing muslim or Muslim killing hindu.. The person died is Human being. We have to stop Terrorism! not to blame others. Islam is not to attack on innocent people. And what Terrorists doing is not JIHAD where they kill innocent people who are hindus, christian, judaism INCLUDING MUSLIMS... If they are real Jihadis, they should fight to protect themself... AND NOT TO ATTACK ON OTHERS. The Al-qaeda and other terrorist groups misuse the name "Jihad" and use innocent/uneducated Muslim guys. They induce them in the name of Jihad. So, you want to talk about terrorist talk about 'Osama bin laden".. or talk about "Al-qaeda Organisation". STOP talking/complaining entire Muslims community in general. We need our Indian brothers to protect us... Hope anyone could understand what really we wanted to explain. Thanks

Shahul Wednesday, September 27, 2006 4:46:09 AM
And to Mr. Sage... I believe you don't read any news paper. Well, for an educated and intelluct person they need to analyse on any issue not to just be ignorant. Did you read the news on ''93 blasts case: Cops found guilty"???? the cops who involved in blast are Vijay Krishnaji Patil - Police Sub-inspector, Ashok Narayan Muneshwar - Constable, Pandharinath Mahadik - Constable, Ramesh Dattatrya Mali - Constable, Shrikrishna Yeshwant Pashlikar - Constable!!!! What you say now?? Are they Islamic Terrorists??? I am trying to explain that it doesn't matter he is Hindu/Muslim/christian... Anybody who do terrorism is Terrorist!!! Try to analyse and donot always intend to Argue. I am not here to teach you anything. I know you are not here to learn. You are here to Argue. Thanks for your time.

jj Wednesday, September 27, 2006 5:25:58 PM
The bottom line is that armed struggle does have a place in islam.which hindu killed a muslim. think for yourself. In all the cases it was jihadis who started the thingMr ruzan dont be so proud about being the second largest group on the planet. Even after so many centuries of invasion india never became a muslim country unlike iran, iraq, afghanistan etc.It is fervent prayer that hindus dont take the islamic path in their reaction to attacks on their religionThey already took that path in ayodhya and gujaratLet this stop once and for all

sage Thursday, September 28, 2006 2:03:15 AM
ruzan you are so proud of your population which of half is under poverty line. most of them are islamic fascists as president bush rightly said. almost everyday atleast 50 people are killed in iraq, another 50 in afganistan, half a dozen due to lack of personal hygene. hindus need be militants to kill, as you are killing your own people. and then the west is doing our job. we just wait and watch. afganistan ,iraq,lebonan have been sent to stone age. next is pakistan. be a part to take care of your selfs not us.

Posted by Arshad on Saturday, February 03, 2007.

1 Responses to “Islam forbids killing of innocent”

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